locked Re: Jim Crow Coaches & 1401

Ed Mims

The Central of Georgia had two number series of coaches. The 500-series were referred to as partitioned coaches because they had a partition near the center in order to comply with the Jim Crow laws. Rest rooms of near equal size and with the same appointments were located in the four corners of the car (there might have been some slight variations car to car). To my knowledge there were never signs posted in these cars to designate “white” or “colored” ends. In addition, these cars were often used in regular service for white only and/or colored only depending upon the need. My guess is the conductor could decide which end for each race depending on the placement of the car in the train. Colored patrons were usually seated at the forward end of the train and a partitioned coach was used to separate the train by race. The 600-series cars were designated as “full coach” and in later years when modernized had large restrooms, women on one end and men on the opposite end. These cars, like the 500-series never had signs for racial designations.


In my memory the only passenger equipment referred to as a “Jim Crow“ car was the car with a center baggage compartment and a passenger section on each end to be used on local trains which carried freight and passengers. I don’t think either end was designated as “white” or “colored” as the car generally would not be turned at the ends of the run. The “colored” passengers would occupy the leading end on the car. The use of the name “Jim Crow” when referring to partitioned coaches is  relatively new.  


Ed Mims


From: main@SouthernRailway.groups.io [mailto:main@SouthernRailway.groups.io] On Behalf Of Bill Schafer
Sent: Monday, April 08, 2019 10:49 PM
To: main@southernrailway.groups.io
Subject: Re: [SouthernRailway] Jim Crow Coaches & 1401


TVRM operates two ex-Central of Georgia Jim Crow coaches in regular service. TVRM 906 is a modernized heavyweight, and the partition is still intact (but the “white” and “colored” designations have been done away with). TVRM 907 is a lightweight Jim Crow coach, and the partition has been removed (but you can tell where it was if you look for it). Each car still has four bathrooms and each has a small plaque explaining what a “Jim Crow” coach is/was.




Interior of TVRM 906


Plaque in TVRM 907

On Apr 8, 2019, at 2:19 PM, Bob P. <tomcatter.bob@...> wrote:


Just want to say, I'm learning a lot from these threads. Out of curiosity, I know a few other museums, like NCTM, have Southern Jim Crow cars in their collection; has anyone else restored one and opened it to visitors? Seems like it would be a good way to dispel some of the misconceptions we've discussed here.


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