locked Re: Southern's Arrow Logo?

Robert Hanson

Ike - 

Here are scans of the front and back of the pass I mentioned.  I realize that it is from 1894, long after the R&D assumed control of the GP, but I have read, can't remember where, that the arrow trade mark was adapted from that of the Georgia Pacific.  I've located one article in SR Ties from 1947, but it says only the the arrow monogram was previously used by the R&D, with no mention of where/when/how they got it.  Still looking for my source.

I scanned both sides of the pass because of the notation on the reverse and the signature.  Was the Reverend Mr. Spencer related to SR's President Spencer?  I have an R&D pass for 1894 made out to the reverend with a similar notation and signature.

Sorry about the hole in the pass.  It was there when I got it, and had apparently been there about 100 years.


-----Original Message-----
From: George Eichelberger <geichelberger@...>
To: main <main@SouthernRailway.groups.io>
Sent: Mon, Oct 15, 2018 1:02 pm
Subject: Re: [SouthernRailway] Southern's Arrow Logo?


Thanks! Maybe you could scan or take a photo of the Georgia Pacific “logo”.

I’ve attached the only GP letterhead scanned to date. Obviously, it is from the R&D receivership era.

The second letter is not “fancy” but would certainly get anyone’s attention that received a letter. We have several from Mr. Flagler…handwritten.


On Oct 15, 2018, at 12:48 PM, Robert Hanson via Groups.Io <RHanson669@...> wrote:

Ike - 

I have read that the arrow-through-initials herald (monogram/medallion) originated, not with the R&D, but with the Georgia Pacific Railway.  I can't definitely cite the source of the information, but I believe it was in an issue of Southern Railway's Ties some time in the 1950's or early 1960's.

I do have a Georgia Pacific Railway pass with this monogram/herald on it.

The term "logo" is short for logotype and originated, I believe, in the 1950's or 60's, but again, I can't say for certain.

And this information, plus two dollars, will get you an Atlanta newspaper on a weekday.

Bob Hanson

-----Original Message-----
From: George Eichelberger <geichelberger@...>
To: SouthernRailway <SouthernRailway@groups.io>
Sent: Mon, Oct 15, 2018 12:35 pm
Subject: [SouthernRailway] Southern's Arrow Logo?


Here is an interesting series of emails about the Southern’s “Arrow” monogram (I have never seen the word “logo” in company documentation.)

Can anyone provide any additional information?


PS There are many letterheads in the SRHA archives. Many are on letterheads never used. They were kept, turned over and the reverse side used after the letterhead was obsolete. Some of the letterheads from car builders and customers are literally works of art that take up 1/3 of the page.

Begin forwarded message:

From: Bill Schafer <bill4501@...>
Subject: Re: Southern's Arrow Logo?
Date: October 15, 2018 at 12:22:04 PM EDT


I have Official Guides from 1889 and from 1893. Sometime between those two dates, railroad monograms and logos seem to have proliferated. The entries in the 1889 Guide are pretty plain for most railroads including the R&D (also including the PRR entry, which does NOT feature the keystone logo) but by 1893, nearly every major railroad had some kind of identifying monogram, trademark, or logo. I don’t have access to my timetables that go back that far, but I’m pretty sure they would show the same thing.

The arrow-through-the-letters logo, originating with the R&D, was definitely the inspiration for the similar SOU trademark. I have not seen any correspondence that discusses this, but the empirical evidence is pretty convincing. Maybe some letterhead or other document in the SRHA Archives can show where the arrow logo was used before 1893.

Early SOU public timetables featured the SR-with-arrow monogram on the cover but subsequent timetables dropped any kind of logo, even (until the 1920s) on the maps. For example, the timetables from 1894 to 1907 have the logo on the cover; the 1909 and subsequent ones, don't. A Southern trademark - the “SR-in-a-circle” - does not reappear to the cover of system public timetables until 1954. 

The Official Guide, however, is different. From at least 1893 on, just about all major railroads had an identifying mark in the outer upper corners of each page of their entry so a station agent, flipping through the pages, could find the railroad he was looking for quickly. From 1894 until at least 1910, the Southern entry used the arrow logo on the outer corners of each page. From 1915 on, they used the SR-in-the-circle monogram. This monogram was designed, invented, and adopted in 1915. The story of how it came to be designed - as a doodle on a napkin - is described in the November-December 1990 issue of SRHA’s The Green Light (predecessor to TIES magazine).

Hope this helps.

—Bill Schafer

On Oct 15, 2018, at 11:33 AM, george eichelberger <geichelberger@...> wrote:


The “Arrow” monogram was adapted from an R&D version (see attached). We do not know when the R&D started using it but it’s safe to say the Southern had it in mind on day one. I am aware it was used into the teens and twenties but have never seen anything that ended its use.

Maybe our TIES Editor has some additional info?


---------- Forwarded message ---------
From: Eric Zabilka
Date: Sat, Oct 13, 2018, 8:56 PM
Subject: Southern's Arrow Logo?
To: <Webmaster@...>

I am a member of the SRHA and have a quick, and probably dumb, question.
Do we know when the Southern started using the SR logo with the arrow behind it?  And was there a point when it stopped using that particular logo?

Eric Zabilka
Wilmore, Kentucky

<R&D letterhead.jpeg>

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